Aspergillosis – Types, Symptoms and how to avoid it .

After the cases white fungus, yellow fungus, and black fungus the new cases of fungal infection reported in covid-19 patients. In India , increasing number of black fungus i.e. Mucormycosis cases in covid-19 patients not only black fungus but also yellow fungus and white fungus also been reported in India.

Upto 27th may, there are total 8 cases of aspergillosis species are reported in Vadodara, Gujarat.

Aspergillosis –

We are all well known about Aspergillus which is a type of fungus or a common mold according to the CDC . Aspergillosis infection causes due to Aspergillus. These Aspergillus species are found in surrounding everywhere. The fungus mostly grows on decaying vegetation and dead leaves.

Mostly seen in :

  • In Aspergillosis, the health problems like allergic reactions , lungs infection are mostly seen in patients .
  • The peoples of covid-19 patients who have the lungs diseases as well as which have weak immune system are at higher risk of developing health problems.
  • Aspergillosis is mostly seen in covid-19 patients or which are recently recovered from disease.

Types of Aspergillosis –

1.Allergic Aspergillus sinusitis-

This type of infection occurs when inflammation happens in sinuses but it does not causes any type of infection. A person with weak immune system has difficult to fight the infection this can easily spread to kidney and brain .If we do not take treatment on in aspergillosis then it causes pneumonia.

2. Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis –

This aspergillosis infection occurs when it causes inflammation in lungs but does not causes infection. If patient have lung problems such as cystic fibrosis or asthma then the patients are more susceptible to this type of infection.

3. Azole – Resistant Aspergillus fumigtus –

When spacies of Aspergillus , A. fumigtus and becomes registant to some certain medicines used to treat it. Such a patient with resistant infection may not get the better with treatment.

4.Skin ( cutaneous ) Aspergillosis

This infection occurs when aspergillus takes entry in body through the break in skin like after doing surgery or burn wound. The most infection is seen in peoples who are with weaked immune system it can spread somewhere else in the body such as a lungs.

5. Invasive Aspergillosis –

When there is a serious infection in body and people who have weak immune system and such a people or patients who have an organ transplant it’s most likely effects on lungs but it easily spread to other parts of body. It also seen in peoples who are already sick from medical conditions.

6. Aspergilloma –

This aspergilloma happens when wall of aspergillus grows in sinuses or in lungs. But this infection not spread anywhere in the body . This type of Aspergillosis is also known as ‘fungus ball’.

Symptoms –

1.Allergic Aspergillosis sinusitis-

  • drainage
  • stuffiness
  • headache
  • Not any type of infection
  • Runny nose
  • Reduce the ability of smell.

2.Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis-

  • coughing
  • Wheezing
  • Not any type of infection
  • shortness of breath
  • Fever

3. Aspergilloma –

  • shortness of breath
  • Cough
  • Blood from coughing
  • Pain in chest and bones
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss

4. Invasive Aspergillosis-

  • chest pain
  • Cough
  • Fever and chills
  • shortness of breath
  • skin lesions

5. Other symptoms-

Others symptoms are seen when infection spreads from lungs to other part of human body.

  • skin sores
  • Bloody phlegm
  • Chills
  • Less urine
  • Headache
  • Vision difficulty
  • Shortness of breath

If you observe that above symptoms in your body then immediately inform your healthcare and take a treatment on that.

How to avoid Aspergillosis –

It is difficult to avoid breathing in Aspergillus spores due to fungus is common in environment.

But following are some methods which lowers the chances of getting infected from Aspergillosis infection.

1. Protect yourself-

  • protect yourself from environment which is full with dust such as construction sites.
  • If you are live in construction site areas which are full of the dust then use N95 face mask.
  • if you work in gardening then wear the long sleeve shirt full , pants and shoes.
  • Avoid activities or work which is associated with soil or dust example- gardening or farming
  • When you handles the soil , manure material then used hand gloves.

2. Clean wounds –

If you want to avoid Aspergillosis infection then clean skin wounds with soap and water. Take care of your skin because it causes serious issues.

3. Testing for early infectinionus stage –

  • If if you see some normal symptoms in your body then immediately talk with your doctor and lower the risk of aspergillosis with treatment.
  • If you have weak immune system then go to your doctor’s and take proper treatment.
  • If you had a transplant or undergoing chemotherapy then stay away from dust and take care of health.
  • If you see change in your breathing then informs your doctor’s.

So , Aspergillosis is not a contagious disease but take care of your health .If you see some symptoms in your body then immediately contact with your doctor’s.

1 thought on “Aspergillosis – Types, Symptoms and how to avoid it .”

  1. It always gives very very important information…!!! As we all known In this pandemic situation we all have to protect ourself ,,not only ourself but also our love ones …thanks to aerosparkle for such a useful information.. Thank you…!!🙏🏻🙏🏻

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